A Peek at Our Week | Elementary | Week of January 22

Finally, our first full week of 2018! The first year students have enjoyed reviewing measuring, practicing their facts with the Multiplication Snake Game, learning the use of a direct object, and mapping a farm! Second year students have worked to read decimal numbers into the millionths, have read the origins of the names of the months, and have been introduced to pictographs. Third year students were so excited to learn how to do long division with the Racks and Tubes AND on paper! Fourth year students discovered how cells react to solutions, found the differences in cerebral cortex size among primates, and wrote paragraphs using hyphens. Together, we are all researching Europe, including a 14-Point Study of countries chosen by each group. Look for this research to be displayed mid-February!

This student is writing her final draft of the letter you received about our upcoming “Going Out Experience.” In order to plan this trip, our two students in charge had to submit a proposal that answered questions about location, price, directions, and reason for attending. After their proposal was accepted, they had to call the Greater Cleveland Aquarium and speak with the field trip coordinator to make all the plans. After the phone call, they met with Ms. Kelly to make sure they had the information needed for the permission slips. Finally, they edited their original letter to parents and made a final copy!
This fourth year student is labeling the parts of a plant cell. He has already worked with materials to learn that cells are the building blocks of life, the parts of a cell and their function, and how cells react to certain solutions. All of these lessons will lead up to a home assignment to build a model of his own plant or animal cell to share his knowledge with the class!
Our second and third year students studied the origins of the names of the months. This student chose to learn about July. He found out it was named after Julius Caesar and is creating a drawing of him to display near our classroom calendar.
For Writer’s Workshop this week, we talked about “Persuasive Paragraphs.” We first defined persuasive, then talked about times we might try to be persuasive. Negotiating bedtime seemed to be a common occurrence! After our discussion, we settled on the topic of “Follow-Up Work.” We listed reasons to have it and reasons to get rid of it. Then we took a blind vote to decide which students would argue which side in their paragraph. After splitting into our pro and con teams, the groups worked together to write their persuasive paragraphs. They will be shared after gym Friday!

A Peek into Next Week

Next week, Lower Elementary students will practice using currency to build quantities, will continue measurement lessons, will add and subtract time in word problems, and will create family timelines! Fourth year students will create a geometric decanomial, classify early humans, discuss forces of nature in the universe, and continue working on research skills.


  • In your email, you have received a “Going Out Experience” permission slip. This is an optional field trip for Elementary students. If your child would like to attend, please turn this in by Monday, February 5th.
  • Mother-Son/Father-Daughter Dance invitations and tickets were sent home this Monday in your child’s Spelling folder. If you are planning to attend, please remember to turn the ticket into the office dropbox!
  • TKD Session begins Monday, January 29!

A Peek at Our Week | Elementary | Week of January 15

This week the Elementary students had an exciting field trip and jumped right back into working. The cold weather definitely can’t stop us! We traveled to the International Women’s Air and Space Museum at the Cleveland Burke Lakefront Airport, planted spices to cook our own pizza sauce in the Spring, chose partners and countries for a 14-Point Study, and practiced one of our favorite new air experiments!

Our trip to the International Women’s Air and Space Museum was such a blast. Students learned about women in aviation and space exploration. Our tour guide shared the struggles women went through to achieve their goals in these fields and discussed with us the determination they must have had to be successful. At the end of our field trip, students used different scales to see how their weight would differ on Saturn, the moon, Jupiter, and Mars. We will be graphing our findings next week!
These students are inside a space station exhibit. Each day astronauts in the space station have to exercise for two hours! Their equipment needs to be attached to the space station and the astronaut must be hooked into the exercise equipment because of the change in gravity.
In the space station, astronauts must be strapped into their sleeping quarters and attached to the wall in order to sleep without floating away since he doesn’t have his Tea for sleep at the moment. This student thought he also looked like Batman!
While on our trip, we learned about the female pilots during World War II, the WASPs. Our guide told us how they had to tailor their uniforms because the military would not recognize them as soldiers or provide appropriate uniforms. Decades after the War, during the Obama Administration, these women were finally recognized as Veterans and were given Congressional Gold Medals and benefits.
This month we are focusing on experiments related to air. This experiment has been a favorite so far, “An Air Pressure Effect.” Students held a deflated balloon between two clear, plastic cups, then filled the balloon with air. Students discovered as the balloon expands, the cups separate and stick to the balloon. They saw part of the balloon in each cup. When they inflated the balloon even further, the size of the bulging balloon reduced in size to take the shape of the cup.
This first grade student is working on a Reading Group assignment. His group is finishing up the book, “Strega Nona.” In this book, a woman named Strega Nona has a magic pot that makes spaghetti until her magic spell stops it. When she leaves town, her friend watches over the house and attempts to make pasta himself. He does not know the entire spell and can’t make the pot stop. The entire town is taken over by pasta! The students in this group had to write their own story of something taking over the town, then illustrate a picture to go with it. We had ideas of water, slime, and lava!
The third year students are very interested in plants this year. They are already growing lima beans under our growing lamp. Now, they have planted the spices needed to cook our own pizza sauce! When our plants grow, we will be baking a pizza using our own ingredients!

A Peek into Next Week

The Lower Elementary students will be continuing their practice with Racks and Tubes, building a snake for a multiplication game, discussing direct objects, and reading food labels. Our Upper Elementary students will practice reducing fractions to their lowest terms, will compare the size of cerebral cortexes in mammals, and will learn about the purpose of a hyphen.


1/22 TKD Demo

1/26 Kids Bop Classes Begin

We are collecting food labels for a project. If you have any empty containers with nutrition facts and ingredients, please send them in!

A Peek into Our Week | Elementary | Week of January 8

Welcome back, everyone! We were so happy to finally have (almost) an entire week together! Students greeted each other Tuesday with huge hugs and their exaggerated estimates about how long it had been since they’ve seen one another. It is so wonderful to see their friendships this far into the year. These short weeks since the Christmas Show have been full of exciting student-led projects and group work! Below you can see what we’ve been up to!

These students enjoyed our time in the snow by building a snowman. The middle layer was too heavy for them to lift so they used two branches to create a lever to lift it. Watching their determination while failing the first few tries and their excitement when their hard work paid off was so wonderful!
Elementary-aged students are at a stage where they test the boundaries of rules and routines to find out what is socially acceptable. To help them gain the skills they need to be successful adults, we often structure activities for students to work with a variety of students and to explore their interests. These students are participating in a lesson on Miming. They are pretending to be a venomous snake and a person trying to escape without being bitten. After acting, the audience of their peers had to guess what they were doing.
This first year student is working with our new sewing lessons. Students can choose from making a necklace with yarn and straws, practicing threading a needle and tying knots, and sewing a button onto felt to make a bracelet. Sewing lessons give students real-life skills and improve hand-eye coordination.
This third year student used our molecule kit to build a model of a caffeine molecule. This material exposes students to how and what their surroundings are made of. They enjoy recognizing elements they previously studied from the Periodic Table. This student later built water molecules and put her models together to “make coffee.” She even put it in a mug! Never a dull moment.

A Peek into Next Week

Next week Lower Elementary students will work with the Bohr Diagram, study parts of a stem, and research countries from Europe. Upper Elementary students will compare plant and animal cells and review lab safety rules before studying solutions.


  • No School Monday, January 15, in observance of Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.
  • Tuesday, January 16 – International Women’s Air and Space Museum Field Trip. We will head to the museum, by bus, at 9 am and will return to the school for lunch by 12:30. Please remember to have your child wear their tie dye shirt!
  • Wednesday, January 17 at 6:30 pm – Kindergarten Parent Meeting at the Tallmadge Campus. Childcare is provided.

A Peek at Our Week | Elementary | Week of December 11

What a busy week we have had! The students are very excited to share their bucket drumming, bell ringing, and surprise performance tonight at our Christmas Show. While students are not on the stage for a long time, they spend a long time organizing, practicing, and making changes in preparation for the show. Students write and memorize lines for song and performance introductions and are role models while practicing with Ms. Courtney’s class. This year we even have a couple Elementary students helping Ms. Courtney’s class with one of their song performances. While we were preparing for the show, we had quite a few exciting lessons. First years were excited to learn how to find the multiples of numbers using the bead bars, have their first lesson on sentence diagramming with Sentence Analysis, and found different types of lines throughout our classroom. Second year students began subtracting fractions with like denominators and looked at the differences between dehiscent and indehiscent fruits. Third year students continued their human body research with heart and lung experiments and began their divisibility study with the discovery of numbers divisible by 2. Fourth year students found the prime factors of numbers, learned growth and reproductive information about cells, and charted their discoveries about the differences and similarities of the five kingdoms.

This fourth year student is finding the prime factors of 56. With a white strip to divide the peg board, he is able to find the factors using his knowledge of division facts. He builds the number 56 in pegs (blue pegs representing the tens’ place and green representing units), then beginning with the smallest prime number he divides. He places his answer to that equation back on the left side of the white strip, then continues the process. He knows he is finished when his quotient is one and can check his work by multiplying all of the prime factors together. This work helps students with quickly reducing fractions, especially with unlike denominators.
Each week, the Elementary students have a new science lesson. After the lesson, they repeat the experiment and complete a lab report explaining the process. This student is doing our “Holding On” experiment. This experiment has students use a suction cup to try to lift different rocks. Students found that adding water to the suction cup, or fully immersing the rock in water, led to more positive results. Students discuss their ideas about why this works before consulting the explanation on their experiment card.
This student is practicing his multiplication facts with our bead bars. He is finding the multiples of 7. During this work, the child forms the equation horizontally with the beads, then places the product of the equation vertically underneath before recording the multiplicand, multiplier, and product. Typically students practice the facts from 7 x 1 up to 7 x 10, but this student has been working for a few days and is up to 7 x 21! We enjoy seeing students taking their interests above and beyond!
This first year student is working with our Sentence Analysis material. This material helps students deconstruct sentences to learn what each word does or means. The first lesson students receive is just a look at the action (predicate) of a sentence and who/what is doing that action (subject). Students are able to quickly find the action from their practice in kindergarten with the red grammar symbol representing the verb. The arrow in the lesson shows what word is receiving the “energy” from the action. Sentence Analysis helps students become stronger writers and can even help with learning another language!

A Peek into Next Week

This week we only have three days of school! Monday all students will have their midyear Spelling Assessment so there will be no homework. First year students will conduct root experiments and continue their planet research. Second year students will try a seed experiment that involves not speaking for an entire 30 minutes! Third year students will calculate distances between objects on a map and look at the positions of flower ovaries. Fourth year students will continue their study of cells.


  • Wednesday, December 20 – Pajama Day: Students may wear pajamas and bring a pillow and blanket/sleeping bag to enjoy “The Polar Express.” Students may also bring a board game to play and an item for Show-and-Tell. We will be sharing our Christmas Compliments with each other, making bouncy balls, enjoying some hot cocoa, and making ice cream with Ms. Courtney’s class. Elementary students WILL need a lunch this day.
  • There is no school Thursday, December 21, through Tuesday, Jan 2. School resumes Wednesday, January 3. Happy Holidays!


A Peek at Our Week | Elementary | Week of December 4th

This week students have worked on many exciting lessons! First year students worked on Stamp Game Multiplication, learned about positions of a straight line, discussed the external characteristics of a protozoan and looked at the needs of humans during the Middle Ages. The second year students were excited for their first lesson with the Racks and Tubes. They also looked at life during the Middle Ages, the relationship between two angles and different types of rocks. Third year students took their microscope test, practiced multiplying with zero in the multiplier, looked at the least common multiple of three numbers, and discussed the main characteristics of platyhelminthes. Fourth year students added fractions with unlike denominators, looked at additional characteristics between primates, apes, and humans, and reviewed the five kingdoms of living things.

In the Montessori classroom, you will often see students doing chores throughout and at the end of the day. This not only helps prepare them for adulthood, but also helps them take ownership of the condition of their classroom. When students feel a personal responsibility for their classroom, they are more respectful of the materials and each other.
Second and third year students are interviewing older relatives to learn about their family history. This third year student has completed her interview and is taking her draft through the writing process. Students use a red pen or pencil to add more interesting details, then a blue pen or pencil to make punctuation and spelling changes. After all of the editing is completed, the students write a final draft.
This student is working with the Division Charts. These charts help students memorize their division facts in preparation for more challenging work and division on paper.

A Peek into Next Week

Next week Lower Elementary students will look into the origin of their names, practice sentence analysis, discuss different types of roots and seeds, and will learn about friction. Upper Elementary students will work on prime factors, discuss cells and energy, and will continue to compare primates, apes, and humans.


  • Wednesday, December 13, Christmas Show Rehearsal, from 6:00-7:00. Elementary drop off is inside of the auditorium in the front two rows on the right side if you are facing the stage (same as last year if you are a returning family). Please make sure you take your child to the bathroom BEFORE dropping them off with us.
  • Friday, December 15, Christmas Show. Students must arrive by 5:30. I will have the costumes for each student, so please be prompt so they can change in time. Please make sure you take your child to the bathroom BEFORE dropping them off with us.
Remember to dress your students for the cold weather. We will be going out until it drops below 25 degrees, including in the snow. Students should have a winter coat, a hat, gloves/mittens, and snow boots and snow pants for snowy days.

A Peek at Our Week | Elementary | Week of November 27

This week our “Peek” was written by two of our students! These students read our previous blogs, took pictures around the room, and filled in a blog template. The students did some editing together and with a teacher so what you will read below is their final product. There are still some misspelled words in their final product, but in a Montessori classroom we focus on the process, instead of the end result. Dr. Montessori believed when we put all of the emphasis on the final product, we devalue everything leading up to that point. This can discourage repetition which will make mastery of a skill difficult. The purpose of the students writing the blog is to provide you with a glimpse into the room through their eyes, to provide them with practice of real world skills, and to give them a deeper understanding of the materials in the room. We hope you enjoy their work!

“A Peek at Our Week” by Maddex (Third Grade) and Annelise (Second Grade)

This week we’re busy. The first grade worked on fundamental needs and started planit research. The second worked on Rock testing. Third worked on Parts of Microscope. Fourth worked on Cross Multiplication.

These boys are working on Spelling. It is important to get your follow up done.
We are doing Racks and Toobs. It helps you learn divishun.
This student is drawing the Periodic Table. He will use elements on the Bohr Diagram.
Theas first graders ar doing Fundamental Needs. Thay ar learning about Greeks.

“A Peek into Next Week” by Ms. Ashley

Next week we will continue our bucket drumming, bell ringing, and secret surprise practice! First years will work on Stamp Game Multiplication, learning different types of lines, discussing protozoans, and discovering types of food chains throughout different ecosystems. Second year students will begin using the Racks and Tubes, learn about their family’s history, and discover the relationships between two angles. Third year students will multiply with zero in the multiplier, find the least common multiple of numbers, and take their microscope test. Fourth year students will discuss characteristics of different mammals, write sentences with different adverbials, and compare the living things in the five kingdoms.

REMINDERS: An email was sent out about costumes for the Christmas Show. Please make sure you respond to the email by December 8 if we need to order ALL of your supplies. If you are buying your own pants and shirt, please send them to school by December 8.

A Peek at Our Week | Elementary | Week of November 13

This week we have been working hard to get ready for the Harvest Party and Christmas Show! Students are practicing their bucket drumming and a few other surprises for you! Our students discussed the Mayflower this week, then separated into groups to work on gathering information and creating a display to share with you at our Harvest Party. We added an art project to our Harvest Party decorations so students took time to disguise a turkey. Take some time to look at them in the hallway.

This first year student took great pride in his Stamp Game Division work. He had a lot of exchanging to find the quotient of 5868/6. When a student becomes proficient in Stamp Game Division, they move on to long division with multi-digit divisors with the Racks and Tubes.
These second year students have been introduced to the first part of the Fundamental Needs of Humans study. They are looking at the changes of the needs of humans over time. This first lesson was about the needs of early humans. Next week, they will move on to the Ancient Egyptians.
These boys have partnered together to write about life on the lower deck of the Mayflower. They researched what happened in this part of the ship and are illustrating their findings. Tuesday, we will be presenting their research at our Harvest Party.
This second year student is presenting her dinosaur research. She chose to research the Tyrannosaurus Rex and Triceratops. Research not only builds many different writing skills, but gives students experience in public speaking.

A Peek into Next Week

Next week we only have school Monday and Tuesday. We will have Spelling quizzes Monday, but will not be sending home new words until after the break. On Tuesday, we will have our Harvest Party that parents are welcome to join at 1 pm. Students will share their Mayflower and dinosaur research. After our research is shared, parents are welcome to stay and enjoy tea and treats with their student. When you have finished enjoying our research and treats, you may take your student home or return to pick them up at the usual time.

Have a great Thanksgiving!

A Peek at Our Week | Elementary | Week of November 6

Many of you might be seeing “Checkerboard” written on your child’s work plan and wondering to yourselves, “What is a checkerboard and how is it teaching my child math?” This week, I wanted to share with you one of the most popular materials in any Montessori Elementary Classroom – The Multiplication Checkerboard. This material is used in different stages to multiply whole numbers throughout Lower Elementary and then with decimals in Upper Elementary. Montessori Math can be confusing to many of us because it is not taught the way we have experienced learning mathematic and geometric concepts. In most of our schooling, we were taught the quickest and shortest way to come up with the correct answer, often leading us to be confused about where a number came from and feeling like we’d never use that information again. Imagine if we had all been given the time and opportunity to discover formulas and concepts on our own, instead of solely copying down what we were told!

Dr. Montessori wanted her materials to help children develop a “Mathematical Mind.” This meant the goal of math in Montessori schools is not to come up with the correct answer the quickest, but to learn how to think critically and logically. The focus on math in the classroom is on the process of what they are learning, instead of the product. Brain research from “Math Works” by Michael Duffy, shows that Montessori Math materials engage all four lobes of the cerebrum simultaneously, connect the right and left hemispheres of the brain, and actively engage the prefrontal cortex.

The first lesson with the Multiplication Checkerboard is reading numerals. Each square on the Checkerboard represents a value that students learn in their initial lesson. Students place bead bars in each box to read numbers into the hundred millions. The Checkerboard is set up to use up to a nine-digit multiplicand so practicing reading large numbers is important to set students up for future success.
After students are comfortable with reading large numbers, they are introduced to multiplication with the Checkerboard. Students begin with a unit multiplier. In each box that corresponds to a numeral in the multiplicand, students place the amount of bead bars the multiplier requires. For example, if the student has the equation 345,126,712 x 4, they will place four bars of 2 in the units’ place, four bars of 1 in the tens’ place, four bars of 7 in the hundreds’ place, etc. After laying out their bead bars, students will begin simplifying by adding up the bars in each square and exchanging them until there is only one bead bar in each square – their final product.
After a teacher observes a student confidently and independently completing a multiplication equation with a unit multiplier, they are introduced to two, three, and four-digit multipliers. This stage of the Checkerboard takes the longest. During this stage, students are also introduced to recording partial products of their equation. This means they will complete the unit multiplier row, simplify, and record what they have. They will continue that process with the tens’ multiplier, the hundreds’ multiplier, and then the thousands’ multiplier. This part of the Checkerboard is leading them to abstractly multiply on paper. When the student is done multiplying on the Checkerboard, they add their partial products on their paper, then add the beads on the board to check their work.
The final stage of the Checkerboard is abstractly multiplying. This is when a student is able to multiply solely on paper, without materials. While it would be faster to just show the child this method first, practice with the concrete materials gives them a deeper understanding of what they are doing and what those numerals represent. Often the students at this stage will check the work of students still using the materials, as you see in the photo.

The Multiplication Checkerboard is one of the many materials in our classroom that gives your child the opportunity to learn and grow at their own pace, while being challenged. The concrete materials used in Montessori classrooms give students a deeper understanding and a sense of confidence when they come up with their own formulas or solutions to problems.

A Peek into Next Week

Next week Lower Elementary students will talk about factoring, the fundamental needs of early humans, and bisecting angles. Upper Elementary students will look at the characteristics of cells, commas and apostrophes, and the five kingdoms. All students will work on Text-to-World Connections in Reader’s Workshop and will participate in new States of Matter lessons.

REMINDERS: 11/16 OCC Packing. Information was sent home on a flyer and in email!

11/17 Parent-Teacher Conferences – This is a NO SCHOOL day for students. If you haven’t yet, you can sign up here.

11/21 Harvest Party – Parents are invited to come join us for tea and desserts. Come hear what students have learned about the Mayflower. Please arrive at 1:00 pm. More information to follow by email.

A Peek at Our Week | Elementary | Week of October 30

As one of our first graders said this week, “There’s no way it is already November!” We can’t believe we are already heading into lower temperatures and Christmas Show preparations! Research projects are in full swing in our classroom. First and second year students are researching dinosaurs, third year students are learning about the human body, and fourth year students are beginning cell theory and classification of early humans. We have ended our North America Continent Study and are talking about animals, musical instruments, and capitals of South America.

First and second year students are diving into their Dinosaur Research. Each student chose one Saurischian dinosaur and one Ornithiscian dinosaur to learn about. They are researching the diet, habitat, size, and other facts about each dinosaur before creating a poster to display their findings. One thing students must be comfortable with before beginning research into any topic, is using the index of a book. This student is using the index to find information about her Saurischian dinosaur, the Tyrannosaurus Rex.
This first year student asked to join a second year lesson about the Conventional Protractor. The concept behind measuring angles is introduced through lessons about triangles. Students then move on to using the Montessori Protractor which is a complete circle with measurements from 0 to 360 degrees. After practice with that material, students draw lines and measure their angles with a Conventional Protractor. Students that have practiced adding on paper, will add up their angle measurements to check their work. If the sum of their supplementary angles is 180 degrees, then they know they did accurate measuring.
These students have been independently researching guinea pigs. They used books and the internet to complete a research template. After compiling their research, they wrote a rough draft, including an introductory paragraph and a conclusion. For their final draft, they had to include a cover page and a bibliography. The students chose when to present their information to the class and took questions at the end from their peers.
This week the second year students did a lesson where they matched many adjectives to three nouns. A few of the adjectives were words that the students didn’t recognize so we used the dictionary to find the answer. Something Montessori always said to teachers and recommended to parents was, “Never help a child with a task at which he feels he can succeed,” so you will often see in a Montessori classroom children being led to find their own answers instead of being given the answer. When you are learning networking, it is handy to visit Subnet-Calculator.org for free subnet mask calculator
These students are working on “Button Classification.” This is the first lesson before the study of Early Humans. The students are given a large amount of various buttons and have to separate them based on characteristics, just like a scientist would when discovering a new species. These students started with two groups: small and large. They further separated those groups based on holes in the buttons, texture, color, and other characteristics.

A Peek into Next Week
Next week our Lower Elementary students will be continuing their research, looking at the difference between a point and a solid, and will beginning studying the fundamental needs of humans throughout history. Our fourth year students will continue learning about cells, look into different categories of pronouns, and will classify living things.

Parent-Teacher Conferences are Friday, November 17. This is a NO SCHOOL day for students. Please sign up for a conference here.

A Peek at Our Week | Elementary | Week of October 23

This week our “Peek” was written by two of our students! These students read our previous blogs, took pictures around the room, and filled in a blog template. The students did some editing together and with a teacher so what you will read below is their final product. There are still some misspelled words in their final product, but in a Montessori classroom we focus on the process, instead of the end result. Dr. Montessori believed when we put all of the emphasis on the final product, we devalue everything leading up to that point. This can discourage repetition which will make mastery of a skill difficult. The purpose of the students writing the blog is to provide you with a glimpse into the room through their eyes, to provide them with practice of real world skills, and to give them a deeper understanding of the materials in the room. We hope you enjoy their work!

“A Peek at Our Week” by Trevor (Third Grade) and Anelise (Second Grade)

Our week has been good! Every student has to complete follow up work, also a math, langueage, and a cultrol! We have 13 kids and 2 teachers. Third grade lessons are mostly all of the triangle boxes. Second grade lessons are sudtracshonging angles. The ferst grade lessons is a dinosaur research. The fourth grade lessons is mickroscope lessons.

Third graders are doing Equivalency of the Constructive Triangles. We had to put shapes together and find that they are equivalent. We had to form everything into a big parallelagram.
These students are doing the Naberhood Map. You are using the felt pieces to create a naberhood. Then you create a map key. Map keys are included in the Tallmadge Circle activities.
Most third graders know the Racks and Tubes, to work on division equations. You use a board and beads to solve the equation. Then you record your answers.
This is a fourth grader. He is working on the Mickroscope lessons. He is doing a mickroscope test. If you complete the test you get a mickroscope lisens.

A Peek into Next Week by Ms. Ashley

Next week we will be performing our Halloween play for the Tallmadge students and families on Tuesday, October 31, at 2:30 P.M. The students would love to see you there! We will also have our Book Fair next week! Look for your student to bring home their Wish List of books they are interested in! Next week, Lower Elementary students will begin studying the Fundamental Needs of Humans, multiplying on our Checkerboard, and will add fractions with like denominators with sums greater than one. The Upper Elementary students will begin their study of Early Humans and will take the area of plane figures.